MATERNAL AND EARLY CHILD HEALTH

Health Evidence Bulletins - Wales

Subject Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Aciclovir for herpes simplex
Acupuncture,
for analgesia
for nausea
Advice to mother,
see Support
AIDS, See HIV
Alcohol consumption in pregnancy
Allergy in neonates
Amniocentesis,
and risk of bleeding
guidelines
Amniotomy,
and oxytocin for induction of labour
for active management of labour
for augmentation of labour
Analgesia in labour,
see Control of pain in labour
Analgesia for perineal pain
Antenatal visits - frequency
Antihistamines for nausea
Aspirin
for miscarriage
for hypertension
Audit, Appendix I
as good practice, Introduction
Augmentation of labour
need for, in midwife-led care
Active management of labour
Auscultation,
for fetal surveillance
vs continuous electronic monitoring
AZT for HIV infection
Top

B

Bacteriuria in pregnancy
Bed rest
for hypertension
for multiple pregnancy
for suspected fetal compromise
for threatened miscarriage
Bereavement
Betamimetics in premature labour,
for multiple pregnancy
for women with diabetes
indications for use
Biophysical profiles for suspected fetal compromise
Blood pressure in pregnancy, monitoring of
Breast feeding
antenatal breast care
breast shells
engorgement
for women with diabetes,
encouragement
discouragement
for women with HIV infection
Breech presentation
use of forceps
Bromocryptine in lactation suppression
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia,
indomethacin and
steroids for
Top

C

Cabbage leaves for breast engorgement
Caesarean section
after induction for post-maturity
anaesthesia for
antibiotic prophylaxis for
effect of continuous electronic monitoring
effect of epidural analgesia
elective, for women with diabetes
elective, indications for
exteriorisation of the uterus versus intraperitoneal repair
following amniotomy
following induction for post-maturity
following previous Caesarean section
for breech delivery
for disproportion
for fetal compromise
for herpes simplex infection
for HIV infection
for low birthweight baby
for multiple pregnancy
for placenta praevia
for placental abruption
for pre-term breech delivery
lateral tilt, use of
manual removal of the placenta
non-closure of the peritoneum
risk of thromboembolism
trial of vaginal delivery after
Top
Calcium antagonists in premature labour
Calcium channel blockers in suspected fetal compromise
Calcium supplementation for hypertension
Candida infection in pregnancy
Carbergoline in suppression of lactation
Cardiotocography in suspected fetal compromise
Caregivers,
see Continuity of care
see Midwife-led care
Case notes, carrying during pregnancy
Cervical cerclage in at risk pregnancy,
for cervical incompetence
to reduce incidence of premature labour
Cervix, state of for induction of labour
Chicken pox in pregnancy
Chlamydia infection in pregnancy
Chromosome abnormality in miscarriage
Chronic lung disease in the newborn,
steroid treatment
ventilation
Clotrimazole for candida infection
Cold pressor test to monitor pre-eclampsia
Congenital abnormalities

Top

Continuity of care
effect on antenatal admissions and satisfaction
importance of
in labour, and need for augmentation
in postnatal period
in pregnancy
Continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP)
Contraception, oral
and breast feeding
for women with diabetes
Control of pain in labour
Corticosteroids
for infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia
for the prevention of chronic lung disease in the newborn
for the prevention of intraventricular haemorrhage in the newborn
in prelabour rupture of membranes pre-term
in premature labour
in premature labour for women with diabetes
with betamimetics
Top

D 

Day assessment units for threatened miscarriage
Day care unit for hypertension
Depression, postnatal
Densensitisation for isoimmunisation
Dexamethasone,
see corticosteroids
Diabetes,mother with
beta-mimetics for preterm labour
blood sugar control
breast feeding,
discouragement
encouragement
caesarean section, elective
corticosteroids for preterm delivery
counselling, pre pregnancy
elective delivery, indications for
fetal ultrasound surveillance
gestational
Dietary intervention
for suspected fetal compromise
for women with gestational diabetes
Diethylstilboestrol for miscarriage
Diuretics for hypertension and/or pre-ecalampsia
Doppler
for detection of deep vein thrombosis
for suspected fetal compromise
Down’s syndrome, see congenital anomalies
Top

E

Eclampsia, fulminating and pre-eclampsia
antihypertensive medication
aspirin
calcium supplementation, effect of
diuretics, effect of
elective delivery for
expectant vs. aggressive management
magnesium sulphate,
in fulminating pre-eclampsia
to prevent seizures of eclampsia
plasma volume expansion
platelet count and
salt intake
screening and prophylaxis
see also Hypertension
Educational programmes to prevent premature labour

Top

Elective delivery,
by Caesarean for HIV infection
for women with diabetes
indications for
Electronic fetal heart monitoring
for ‘fetal compromise’
Endotracheal intubation for the newborn
Engorgement of the breast
lactation suppression
Epidural analgesia
fetal heart rate monitoring during
for Caesarean section
back-ache, association with
combined spinal epidural
continuous infusion vs. intermittent top-ups
heparin, use of
opiates in
usuage after induction for postmaturity
Epilepsy in pregnancy
Episiotomy
Ethanol for premature labour
Evidence type
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
after nitric oxide treatment
Expert recommendations for good practice, introduction
External cephalic version for breech presentation
Top

F

Fetal compromise, suspected in pregnanc
alcohol consumption and
bed rest for
biophysical profiles
for monitoring
for screening
calcium channel blockers
cardiotocography in
Caesarean section for
dietary intervention in
doppler studies,
for monitoring
for screening
fetal movement counting in
oxygen therapy for
plasma volume expansion for
smoking and
ultrasound in
Fetal compromise, suspected in labour
electronic heart monitoring
vs auscultation
meconium, as sign of
Fetal death,
induction of labour after
vaginal delivery after
Fluconazole for candida infection
Folic acid supplementation
for women with epilepsy
Forceps delivery
after amniotomy
after epidural anaesthesia
for preterm delivery
Formula feeding
Fresh frozen plasma in the prevention of neurological handicap
Top

G

Ginger for nausea
Glucose challenge test for gestational diabetes
Group B streptococcal infection in pregnancy

H

Health gain notation
Haemoglobinopathies
Haemorrhage in infant, see Intraventricular haemorrhage
Haemorrhage in mother
in early pregnancy
in late pregnancy
cardiotocography in
postpartum
Haemorrhagic disease of the newborn, vitamin K for
Health promotion campaigns for the prevention of sudden infant death syndrome

Top

Heparin
for thromboembolism
in caesarean section
with aspirin for recurrent miscarriage
Hepatitis B in pregnancy
Herpes simplex in pregnancy
High frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in neonatal respiratory support
HIV in pregnancy
AZT treatment in
Breast feeding and
Caesarean section for
Counselling and screening for
zidovudine treatment in
Top
Home uterine activity monitoring
in multiple pregnancy
to prevent premature labour
Human chorionic gonadotrophin for miscarriage
Hydralazine for pre-eclampsia
Hyperemesis during pregnancy
Hypertension in pregnancy
aspirin for
bed rest for
day care unit
medication
platelet count in
prostaglandin, use of
salt intake in
uric acid level in
see also Eclampsia
Top

I

Indomethacin,
to stop preterm labour
to prevent intraventricular haemorrhage
Induction of labour
and continuity of care
and fetal heart rate monitoring
unnecessary
Infant feeding
Infections in pregnancy
after preterm rupture of membranes
as cause of premature labour
bacteriuria
candida, see thrush
chicken pox
chlamydia
group B streptococci
hepatitis B
herpes simplex
HIV
mycoplasma
rubella
syphilis
thrush
toxoplasmosis
trichomonas
Top
Inhalation analgesia
Insulin
for women with diabetes
for women with gestational diabetes
Interventions in labour
augmentation of labour
breech presentation
Caesarean section
episiotomy /perineal trauma
forceps/vacuum delivery
induction of labour
Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in the newborn
after antenatal administration of phenobarbital
after HFOV vs conventional ventilation
Isoimmunisation in pregnancy
Isometric exercise test to monitor pre-eclampsia
Top

K

Kleihauer test

L

Labetalol
for hypertension
for pre-eclampsia
Leucocyte therapy for recurrent miscarriage
Lignocaine for perineal pain
Low birth weight baby, care of

M

Magnesium sulphate
for prophylaxis in pre-eclampsia
for seizures of pre-eclampsia
in prevention of premature labour
in prevention of neurological handicap
Top
Mastitis
Maternal movement during labour,
to reduce pain
vs supine position
Maternal support, see Support
Methyldopa for hypertension
Metronidazole for trichomonas infection
Midwife-led care,
and continuity of care
during the puerperium
for uncomplicated pregnancy
transfer rates
Midwife provided social support, effect on birth weight
Miscarriage
anti-D after
bed rest in
bereavement support
day assessment units
management
prevention of, with hormones
recurrent
ultrasound in
Multiple pregnancy
Top

N

Narcotic analgesia in labour
nalaxone after
vs epidural, in preterm birth
Nausea during pregnancy
Necrotizing enterocolitis,
after antenatal steroids
after indomethacin treatment
protective effect of breast feeding
Neural tube defects,
anti-epileptic drugs
folic acid to prevent
population screening for
Neurological handicap, prevention of
preterm infants
Nitric oxide,
for persistent pulmonary hypertension
for respiratory failure
Nystatin for candida in pregnancy

O

Oedema in screening for pre-eclampsia
Oestrogen in lactation suppression
Oral beta-agonists in preterm labour
as maintenance therapy
Oral proteolytic enzymes
for breast engorgement
for perineal pain
Oxygen therapy for suspected fetal compromise
Oxytocin
and amniotomy for induction of labour
effect of early amniotomy on use
for augmentation of labour
for breast engorgement
for management of third stage of labour
nasal spray for improving milk supply
Oxytocin antagonists in prevention of preterm labour
Top

P

Paracervical block in labour
Pelvic examination for suspected placenta praevia
Perineal pain
Periventricular haemorrhage, see Intraventricular haemorrhage
Periventricular leucomalacia (PVL)
Persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN)
Pethidine in labour
Phenobarbital in the prevention of intraventricular haemorrhage
antenatal
to the newborn infant
Placenta praevia
Placental abruption
Plasma volume expansion
in severe pre-eclampsia
for impaired fetal growth
Plasmapheresis for isoimmunisation
Platelet count in hypertension
Position in labour, choice of
Postnatal support programmes
Post-extubation continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP)

Top

Postpartum haemorrhage
Post-term pregnancy
Pre-eclampia, see Eclampsia
Premature delivery,
breech position
Caesarean section for
episiotomy, use of
forceps, use of
routine use
vacuum delivery
very preterm baby
see also low birth weight baby
Premature infant,prevention of neurological handicap

Top

Premature labour
betamimetics in,
for uncomplicated preterm labour
for maintenance therapy in preterm labour
to reduce incidence in multiple pregnancy
cervical cerclage to prevent,
in cervical incompetence
corticosteroids in
for women with diabetes
educational programmes in prevention of
ethanol in
home uterine activity monitoring in prevention of
multiple pregnancy and
infection as causal agent
rupture of membranes preterm
thyroid trophic releasing hormone (TRH) and corticosteroids in
Progestogens in threatened miscarriage
Prostaglandin
for induction of labour
for postpartum haemorrhage
for ripening cervix,
Proteinuria in pregnancy,
as diagnostic factor
testing for
Top

R

  Respiratory support, neonatal

continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) in
endotracheal intubation in
extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in
nitric oxide
for persistent pulmonary hypertension
for respiratory failure
surfactant therapy in
natural vs synthetic
recommended dosage
Resuscitation standards
Retained placenta
Rhesus antibodies
Ritodrine in premature labour
as maintenance therapy
Roll-over test to monitor pre-eclampsia
Rubella
in pregnancy
vaccination
Rupture of membranes preterm
antibiotics in
corticosteroids in
infection in
phenobarbital in
Top

S

Salt
adding to bath water for perneal pain
effect on hypertension
Screening
for ‘at risk’ pregnancy
for bacteriuria
for candida (thrush)
for chlamydia
for congenital anomalies
for gestational diabetes
for group B streptococci,
in pregnancy
following pre-labour rupture of membranes,
for hepatitis B
for HIV
for mycoplasma
for rhesus antibodies
for pre-eclampsia
for rubella antibodies
for syphilis
for toxoplasmosis
of fetus in mothers with diabetes
of fetus in mothers with epilepsy
Sedatives during labour
Sickle cell disease in pregnancy

Top

Smoking
in pregnancy
and sudden infant death syndrome
Sodium ethamsylate for the prevention of intraventricular haemorrhage
Statistical information, Appendix I
Steroids, see Corticosteroids
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Support for mother,
in labour
in pregnancy,
postnatal
Suppression of lactation
Surfactant therapy,
and incidence of intraventricular haemorrhage
for premature infants
natural vs synthetic
Sutures for perineal repair
Syntometrine for third stage of labour
Syphilis in pregnancy
Top

T

Test weighing of breast fed babies
Thyroid trophic releasing hormone (TRH) and corticosteroids for fetal lung maturation
Thromboembolism in pregnancy
Thrush in pregnancy
Toxoplasmosis infection in pregnancy
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) during labour
Trichomonas infection in pregnancy
Transfer rates, for midwife-led care
Trophoblast membrane infusion for recurrent miscarriage
Twin pregnancy

U

Ultrasound
dating to avoid induction
for perineal pain
for surveillance of fetal growth in women with diabetes
in threatened miscarriage
Ultrasound diagnosis of
antepartum haemorrhage
congenital anomaly
deep vein thrombosis
‘at risk’ pregnancy
‘high risk’ pregnancy
intraventricular haemorrhage
miscarriage
placenta praevia
thromboembolism
Uric acid measurement in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy,
to reflect fetal prognosis
to screen for pre-eclampsia
Uterine activity monitoring,
see home uterine activity monitoring
Top

V

Vacuum delivery
and episiotomy
Ventouse, see Vacuum delivery
Vitamin B6 for nausea
Vitamin E for prevention of intraventricular haemorrhage
Vitamin K for prevention of late haemorrhagic disease
current recommendations

W

Warfarin for thromboembolism
Where to be born

X

X-ray pelvimetry to assess disproportion

Z

Zidovudine for HIV infection

Top

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Health Evidence Bulletins: Wales, Duthie Library, UWCM, Cardiff CF14 4XN. e-mail: weightmanal@cardiff.ac.uk